For example, if you want to quickly test a frequency, you would use Frequency Mode. When you want to save a frequency for use in the future, you use Channel Mode.
Baofeng UV-5R programming is not difficult, once you get the hang of it.
Remember that Frequency Mode is completely separate from Channel Mode. This is what confuses many UV5R owners. Settings in one mode do not automatically affect the other mode.
Tip: Press the “UP” arrow key to add a “half step” to the frequency. For example, enter “147225 UP ARROW” for 147.2255 MHz.
Radio repeaters often use two different frequencies: One for listening, and one for transmitting. In Frequency Mode, you can set a Repeater Offset in order to use a repeater. The UV-5R will remember the Repeater Offset, and automatically shift the frequency when you transmit.
For example, let’s say you want to talk to a repeater with a main frequency of 146.980 Mhz, and an Input Frequency of 146.380 MHz. Once you set the Repeater Offset, the UV-5R will automatically change to 146.380 Mhz when you press the TALK button, and then switch back to 146.980 Mhz so that you can listen to the reply.
Tip: Most Amateur Radio repeaters use standard repeater offsets. For 2 Meter frequencies, this offset is almost always -600 Khz when below 147.000, and +600 Khz when above 147.000. So, a repeater on 146.980 MHz has an input frequency of 146.380 Mhz — 600 Khz down.
The repeater offset can go either up or down – or it can be turned off. For instance, a repeater on 147.200 MHz with a 147.800 MHz input frequency has an UP offset, since you must shift up +600 Khz to transmit. Again, the UV-5R will automatically make this adjustment when you transmit – as long as the offset is programmed in the menu.
If you’re operating the UV-5R in simplex and are not using a repeater, you can turn the offset direction off, so that the same frequency is used for transmitting and receiving.
Tip: Once you’ve set an offset and a direction, you can quickly press SCAN to preview the offset. This way, you can check that an offset is correct before you transmit.