The Baofeng UV-5R has two modes: Frequency Mode and Channel Mode. Basically, Frequency Mode is for short-term use, while Channel Mode is for long-term use. For example, if you want to quickly test a frequency, you would use Frequency Mode. When you want to save a frequency for use in the future, you use Channel Mode.
Baofeng UV-5R programming is not difficult, once you get the hang of it. Remember that Frequency Mode is completely separate from Channel Mode. This is what confuses many UV5R owners. Settings in one mode do not automatically affect the other mode.
Turn on the radio - Use the knob on the top of the radio to set the desired volume.
Press "VFO/MR" - The radio will toggle between Frequency Mode and Channel Mode. The radio voice will tell you which mode you're in.
Enter a Frequency - Use the number keys to enter the frequency. Don't worry about the decimal point - it appears automatically. For a frequency of 152.000 MHz, simply enter "152000."
Radio repeaters often use two different frequencies: One for listening, and one for transmitting. In Frequency Mode, you can set a Repeater Offset in order to use a repeater. The UV-5R will remember the Repeater Offset, and automatically shift the frequency when you transmit.
For example, let's say you want to talk to a repeater with a main frequency of 146.980 Mhz, and an Input Frequency of 146.380 MHz. Once you set the Repeater Offset, the UV-5R will automatically change to 146.380 Mhz when you press the TALK button, and then switch back to 146.980 Mhz so that you can listen to the reply.
Press "A/B" - This toggles between the top line and bottom line of the display. Make sure that the top line is selected.
Enter the listening frequency - Use the keypad to enter the main listening frequency of the repeater. For 146.900 MHz, simply enter "146980" without a decimal place.
Press "MENU" - The UV-5R menu appears, and the radio will speak "Menu." The menu will automatically exit if you don't do anything -- if you need to, just press "MENU" to show it again.
Enter "26" - Menu item #26 contains the Offset Frequency.
Press "MENU" Again - The radio will speak "Offset Frequency."
Enter the Offset - Enter the Megahertz offset, without decimals. For an Offset of 600 Khz, type "00600."
Press "MENU" To Save - The Offset is saved, and the radio speaks "Confirm."
The repeater offset can go either up or down - or it can be turned off. For instance, a repeater on 147.200 MHz with a 147.800 MHz input frequency has an UP offset, since you must shift up +600 Khz to transmit. Again, the UV-5R will automatically make this adjustment when you transmit - as long as the offset is programmed in the menu.
If you're operating the UV-5R in simplex and are not using a repeater, you can turn the offset direction off, so that the same frequency is used for transmitting and receiving.
Press "MENU" - The menu appears, and the radio will speak "Menu."
Enter "25" - Menu #25 contains the offset shift direction, labelled "SFT-D."
Press "MENU" Again - The radio will chirp.
Press the UP or DOWN key - Toggle through the offset options: +, -, or OFF.
Press "MENU" To Save - The radio will speak "Confirm" and save the offset direction